General information Page 63

Then, came the Age of Discovery. During this time period Europeans set sail to find different trading routes and business partners. This era started in the early 15th century and continued into the 17th century. One of the most famous discoveries of this time period was the discovery of Americas. Although many believe that it was Christopher Columbus who discovered the Americas, he was not the first European explorer to set foot on the continent.

All the development and the changes in the world of exploration made European colonization possible. This was when many European countries expanded their territories to lands far beyond their reach. Naturally the benefits that lied in colonization were huge. As a result, conflict and war were inevitable. There were many battles fought and plenty of changes in the controlling force of the seas.  Battle of Trafalgar was one of the most important sea battles ever fought. In this battle the Royal Navy went up against and defeated the French and Spanish fleet.

Later on with the invention of submarines the vast unknown underwater world became less and less mysterious to mankind. Although many believe that oceans and seas are completely known to us, there is still much that we don’t know about the things that are hidden in the depth of the oceans and seas. But such territories are surely a world worth exploring!