Technology Page 69

Many young people and teenagers find it impossible to live without the Internet. Among grown-ups the Internet plays an even more important role: Business. And as of quite recently, it has found its way into education systems all over the world, from kids in kindergartens to college and university students. It is woven into the very core of our lives, so much that we cannot imagine life without this phenomenon. But where did it come from? How did it all start and how was it able to find its way into our most private zone, our house?

The earliest form of what we now call the Internet goes back to more than half a century ago. It was J.C.R. Licklider of MIT who first put forward the idea of connecting computers and forming a global network in 1962. Later that year, he moved to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to work on his original idea and further develop it.

It was in 1969 that four computers at UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UCSB and the University of Utah were connected via Internet (known as ARPANET at that time).  In a couple of years other universities joined this network and helped it grow bigger. Many believe that the further growth of the Internet was because of the support of Al Gore, a US politician and the 45th Vice President of the United States.

The @ sign as we know it today was first used by Ray Tomlinson of BBN in 1972 to link username and address.

It was Ben Segal who was responsible for the introduction of TCP/IP to the world of networking. This was what made the Internet truly functional.

Later on in the 1990’s the Internet became popular with users other than those who worked in the government for research and development purposes. The first to offer national commercial use of the Internet was Delphi. Later in the 1990’s, because of the massive popularity of the Internet, many tried to force their ideas onto how the world of networking should be. Michael Dertouzos convinced the developers of the Internet to set standards for the Web in order to stabilize it.

Later in the 21st century, the Internet found its way into many people’s lives and affected communication through social networking so much that it is hard to imagine how we would communicate with our friends without the presence of the Internet. Moreover, the way we do business, as well as the way we educate future generations, one both greatly affected by the Internet.

It is quite impossible to rule the Internet out of our lives, but will it continue to dominate our lives or will another fascinating invention restructure our way of living once more?